Tuesday, October 17, 2017

Zero Hedge — US Army Is Preparing For Decades Of Hybrid Wars


A peek into the military mind.
Tyler Durden

Heather Digby Parton — Trump's Rumored Candidate to Run the CIA Could Plunge America into a Hot War


Backgrounder on Tom Cotton.
According to Molly Ball of The Atlantic, Cotton's Harvard thesis reveals his philosophy:
Cotton insists that the Founders were wise not to put too much faith in democracy, because people are inherently selfish, narrow-minded, and impulsive. He defends the idea that the country must be led by a class of intellectually superior officeholders whose ambition sets them above other men. Though Cotton acknowledges that this might seem elitist, he derides the Federalists’ modern critics as mushy-headed and naive.
“Ambition characterizes and distinguishes national officeholders from other kinds of human beings,” Cotton wrote. “Inflammatory passion and selfish interest characterizes most men, whereas ambition characterizes men who pursue and hold national office. Such men rise from the people through a process of self-selection since politics is a dirty business that discourages all but the most ambitious.”
On the surface, such a belief would seem to be an odd mix with the allegedly populist Donald Trump and his "alt-right" white nationalist allies, but it really isn't. Trump himself is a big believer in eugenics and Steve Bannon is looking for a few good men to lead his army into the big final battle. Tom Cotton may be just the grownup they've been looking for.
Democracy is for "liberals."

Where do they find these people?

AlterNet

Justin Huebner — US Air Force AIRLIFTS! ISIS Fighters From Raqqa to Fight Russians - Russian TV Report

Despite completely leveling Raqqa Dresden-style, the US deliberately let 1000 ISIS fighters escape, and, get this: AIR-LIFTED! them to Deir ez-Zor, to aide in the battle against Russia and Syria there.
Russian TV keeps hammering away at the US, accusing them of all manner of double-dealing and treachery - deliberately helping ISIS hang in there in Syria, despite the fact that their situation is hopeless militarily.
US aide to ISIS has become a very loud refrain on Russian TV, covered in detail on a daily basis....
Russia Insider
US Air Force AIRLIFTS! ISIS Fighters From Raqqa to Fight Russians - Russian TV Report
Justin Huebner

Edward Harrison — Germany’s coalition talks are sowing the seeds of the euro’s breakup

For years now within Germany’s policy circles, there have been many who have pushed for an ‘expulsion’ or ‘voluntary exit’ mechanism for the Eurozone. I am now hearing this position advocated by FDP head Christian Lindner, a potential finance minister in the new German governing coalition. I believe this affects Italy the most and sets up an existential crisis down the line for the EU....
The upshot here is two-fold. First, in a crisis situation, a politically independent hardline German finance minister will not toe the line. Angela Merkel must deal with a more robust power center and cede ground. Second, if and when we do have a crisis, the lack of a common deposit insurance scheme is going to create capital flight that will quicken the pace of crisis. And because of Europe’s new bail-in rules that will force bank creditors to suffer losses before any bailout occurs, political implications could be severe....

Sputnik — Old Habits Die Hard: US Digs Up Cold-War Tool Seeking to 'Bankrupt Russia'

US-Russian relations continue hanging in the balance with NATO's expansion in Eastern and Central Europe and the Pentagon's controversial actions in Syria. While the US continues portraying Moscow as an adversary, the standoff is unlikely to translate into a nuclear conflict, American academic Vladimir Golstein told Sputnik.

The US and the NATO are no longer hiding their goals, they are beefing up their military presence on Russia's borders, Vladimir Golstein, Associate Professor of Slavic Studies at Brown University, told Sputnik, adding that the West is trying to manipulate Moscow into engaging in yet another arms race with the Atlantic bloc....
Professor Goldstein argues that the US is provoking another arms race to force them to drain funding from domestic projects, believing that the Reagan arms buildup forced the collapse of the USSR.

Goldstein doesn't mention it but this is also happening in the case of China.

This has the advantage of direction government spending in the US toward the military-industrial complex and away from domestic welfare. What's not to like?


Spiegel — Playing with Fire: Trump Risks New Conflagration in Middle East

U.S. President Donald Trump made it clear last week that he is close to withdrawing from the Iran accord unless Iran agrees to make changes. His chances for success are slim - and his blustering risks a dangerous escalation.…
European diplomats are also concerned about the effects of a collapsed Iran accord might have on the conflict with North Korea. The Iran deal, after all, is the only blueprint available for how talks with the regime in Pyongyang might be initiated. "The worst thing you can do is try to dismantle it," the EU high representative for foreign affairs, Federica Mogherini, told PBS in an interview last Wednesday. "The message that America would send to the rest of the world is that America cannot be trusted, because a deal that American voted for just two years ago in the UN Security Council, ... a deal that American helped to shape enormously, would be rejected by the same country."
Germany signaling.
Susanne Koelbl, Juliane von Mittelstaedt, Peter Müller, Christoph Scheuermann and Christoph Schult | Der Spiegel

Philip Giraldi — Israel's Helpers in Media, Government, and Academia - Al-Jazeera Documentary


Exiled by the media like Seymour Hersh and Noam Chomsky, Philip Giraldi doubles down in the alt-media
Last year, al-Jazeera Media Network used an undercover reporter to infiltrate some U.K. pro-Israel groups that were working closely with the Israeli Embassy to counter criticisms coming from British citizens regarding the treatment of the Palestinians. In particular, the Embassy and its friends were seeking to counter the growing Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions movement (BDS), which has become increasingly effective in Europe. The four-part documentary released late in 2016 that al-Jazeera produced is well worth watching as it consists mostly of secretly filmed meetings and discussions.
The documentary reveals that local Jewish groups, particularly at universities and within the political parties, do indeed work closely with the Israeli Embassy to promote policies supported by the government of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu.
It also confirms that tagging someone as an anti-Semite has become the principal offensive weapon used to stifle any discussion, particularly in a country like Britain which embraces concepts like the criminalization of “hate speech.”.…
Very revealing article. Read the whole thing and relate it to "Russian influence."

Russia Insider
Israel's Helpers in Media, Government, and Academia - Al-Jazeera Documentary
Philip Giraldi | former counter-terrorism specialist and military intelligence officer of the United States Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and presently Executive Director of the Council for the National Interest

See also
At first glance, the decision last week by the Trump administration, followed immediately by Israel, to quit the United Nation’s cultural agency seems strange. Why penalise a body that promotes clean water, literacy, heritage preservation and women’s rights?
Washington’s claim that the UN’s Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (Unesco) is biased against Israel obscures the real crimes the agency has committed in US eyes.
The first is that in 2011 Unesco became the first UN agency to accept Palestine as a member. That set the Palestinians on the path to upgrading their status at the General Assembly a year later.…
The agency’s second crime relates to its role selecting world heritage sites. That power has proved more than an irritant to Israel and the US.
The occupied territories, supposedly the locus of a future Palestinian state, are packed with such sites. Hellenistic, Roman, Jewish, Christian and Muslim relics promise not only the economic rewards of tourism but also the chance to control the historic narrative....
The third crime is the priority Unesco gives to the Palestinian names of heritage sites under belligerent occupation. 
Counterpunch
Jonathan Cook


Paul R. Pillar — Americans Wrote the Russians’ Material


Ha ha. Gives "echo chamber" new meaning.

The notion that "Russian" amplification of what Americans were already saying played a significant part in US politics or the elections is simply absurd, especially considering the relative amounts spent.

HRC is making a fool of herself, the Democratic Party is self-destructing, and the Establishment is toying with imposing censorship over this, all to control the narrative.

US politics operates not on issues but on narratives. Whoever controls the narrative, controls the country.

The National Interest
Americans Wrote the Russians’ Material
Paul R. Pillar | senior fellow at Georgetown University's Center for Security Studies, nonresident senior fellow in the Brookings Institution's Center for 21st Century Security and Intelligence, and retired CIA officer.

Ryan Browne — Kazakhstan plans to launch its own cryptocurrency

  • Kazakhstan's government-supported Astana International Finance Center (AIFC) said Tuesday it had signed a deal of cooperation with Maltese firm Exante
  • Exante said it would work with the AIFC to develop the ex-Soviet nation's untapped cryptocurrency market
  • Kazakhstan's entry into the digital currency ecosystem would be underpinned by Exante's new blockchain platform, 'Stasis'
When it rains it pours.
In August, Estonia proposed its own state-backed digital asset, which would be called "estcoin". The small Eastern European nation said it was considering the launch of estcoin through an initial coin offering (ICO) — a crowdfunding method that has garnered much scrutiny in recent weeks.
And last month, Japan signaled the potential launch of its own digital currency, called J-Coin....

On Iran, Trump Follows Iraq War Neocons — Aaron Maté interviews Lt. Col. Lawrence Wilkerson


Wilkerson sees war approaching.

TRNN
On Iran, Trump Follows Iraq War Neocons
Aaron Maté interviews Lt. Col. Lawrence Wilkerson

See also
In the U.S., Russia-hating liberals are joining the neocons in seeking more war in Ukraine, as the prospects for a rational and peaceful resolution to the crisis continue to fade, explains James W. Carden.
Consortium News
Fueling More Bloodshed in Ukraine
James Carden

Also
US forces conducted airstrikes against two ISIS training camps in Yemen on Monday, killing dozens of ISIS fighters and "disrupting the organization's attempts to train new fighters," according to a statement released by the Pentagon.
A US defense official told CNN this is the first US strike specifically targeting ISIS in Yemen. Two camps, containing an estimated 50 fighters, were targeted.
CNN
First US airstrike targeting ISIS in Yemen kills dozens
Barbara Starr and Zachary Cohen, CNN

Also
Taliban militants struck government targets in many provinces of Afghanistan on Tuesday, killing at least 69 people, including a senior police commander, and wounding scores of others.
Reuters
Taliban attacks kill at least 69 across Afghanistan
Mirwais Harooni

Also
Taliban forces overran two district centers in Kandahar and Farah provinces over the past two days, according to reports from Afghanistan. The jihadist group continues to gain ground in Afghanistan despite a change in US strategy that has reduced restrictions on commanders to launch airstrikes against the group.
FDD's Long War Journal
Taliban overruns 2 districts in southern Afghanistan
Bill Roggio

Also
“The bottom line is we don’t know,” said Ted Postol, a Massachusetts Institute of Technology professor emeritus of science, technology and international security. “I believe it’s unlikely they can deliver an atomic bomb to the United States at this time, but we can’t rule it out.”
Los Angeles Times
Can North Korea’s missiles deliver an atomic weapon to the U.S. mainland? Maybe.
Raoul Rañoa and Angelica Quintero | Contact Reporters

Asia Unhedged — Introducing the CryptoRuble


Sanctions-buster?
The anonymity of a cryptocurrency also provides Russia with a tremendous opportunity to circumvent sanctions. As Handelsblatt reports, the CIA has already expressed suspicion that Russia’s interest in the matter may be related to this. The Director General of the Russian e-money system, Qiwi Sergej Solonin, sees at least the possibility that the CryptoRuble could provide a replacement to the international banking transaction system Swift. The disconnection of Russia from the Swift system has been discussed as a sanctions option in the past.
Asia Times
Introducing the CryptoRuble

Bill Mitchell — Three recent interviews – transcripts and video

Today, I have translated two interviews I did while I was in Europe recently. The original interviews were in Spanish. The first interview was with Andrés Villena Oliver for CTXT and was published in the Spanish newspaper Público. It was conducted at Ecooo in Madrid on September 28, 2017. The the second interview was with journalist Marta Luengo Garcés from the progressive newspaper El Salto Diaro. It was conducted at the Principe Pio Hotel in Madrid on September 29, 2017. You can get a feel for the concerns of the progressive journalists in Spain by the type of questions they asked me. I have also included the video of an interview I did yesterday (October 16, 2017) with Steve Grumbine of the Real Progressives. That should keep readers more than busy until tomorrow.
Bill Mitchell – billy blog
Three recent interviews – transcripts and video
Bill Mitchell | Professor in Economics and Director of the Centre of Full Employment and Equity (CofFEE), at University of Newcastle, NSW, Australia

Monday, October 16, 2017

Jason Goodman: Sunday With Charles - Yes, Mr. President?

I've been fascinated by Jason Goodman's YouTube videos for few days now since I came across him last week. He's a conservative who supports Trump and he has these broadcasts with interesting people on the right who are really sick of the neoliberal order, the Deep State, the CIA, the MSM, and all the creatures in the swamp, left and right. In this video Jason Goodman talks to Charles Ortel and Stuart Dean of Medium.com about the Clinton Foundation. It's a real insight into the inner workings of Washington and the Deep State. These videos can be a bit slow and I'm sure a lot of people won't make it to the end, but to me it's like a fly on the wall look at the One Percent. These guys know the inner workings of it all.


Brad Voracek — Reimagining “right-to-work”

“Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favorable conditions of work and to protection against unemployment.” This is Article 23 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights declared by the UN in 1948. It sounds like a pretty good right to me. That’s why when I learned about “right-to-work” states in America I was dumbfounded. I thought we were fulfilling this right in my own country and I hadn’t even heard about it! Why were people still unemployed if we had a right to work?

It only took a few minutes of research to find out that the “right-to-work” laws some states have are nothing like the fundamental human right. What these laws actually do is defend a worker’s right not to be required to join a labor union to work at a company....
Hey, the essence of capitalism is free-riding, also known as rentierism.

The Minskys
Reimagining “right-to-work”
Brad Voracek

Tom Luongo — Russia’s Crypto-Ruble Just Changed the Game


Well-reasoned analysis from an cryptocurrency advocate's point of view:  A win for cryptocurrency and a win for Putin that will be a win for Russia.

Gold Goats n Guns
Russia’s Crypto-Ruble Just Changed the Game
Tom Luongo

also

Paul Robinson — Impossible victory


Update on Ukraine.

Irrussianality
Impossible victory
Paul Robinson | Professor, Graduate School of Public and International Affairs at the University of Ottawa



Zero Hedge — "There Were No Calls, That’s Absolutely Crazy": How The Stock Market Died


Bubbles, bubbles, bubbles? Another game of musical chairs?

Zero Hedge
"There Were No Calls, That’s Absolutely Crazy": How The Stock Market Died
Tyler Durden

Zero Hedge — Treasury Yield Curve Crashes To Post-Crisis Flats


Not a good indicator of the business cycle, but it is a pretty fair indicator that inflation expectations are not rising.

Zero Hedge
Recession Red Flag Rears Its Ugly Head - Treasury Yield Curve Crashes To Post-Crisis Flats
Tyler Durden

Sputnik — Vladimir Putin Endorses Russia's New Cryptocurrency


Rumors confirmed.
After months of speculation and conflicting messages, ministers have announced the Russian Federation is to issue its own official cryptocurrency - the CryptoRuble. The landmark development makes Russia the very first government in the world to official pursue virtual tender.
China likely not to be far behind.

Interesting article. Short and worth a read in full.

Sputnik International
Vladimir Putin Endorses Russia's New Cryptocurrency

Pat Lang — Kurdistan - yet another long term British and US policy triumph


Backgrounder on the British creation of Iraq.

Sic Semper Tyrannis
Kurdistan - yet another long term British and US policy triumph
Col. W. Patrick Lang, US Army (ret.)
At the Defense Intelligence Agency, Lang was the Defense Intelligence Officer (DIO) for the Middle East, South Asia and counter-terrorism, and later, the first Director of the Defense Humint Service. At the DIA, he was a member of the Defense Senior Executive Service. He participated in the drafting of National Intelligence Estimates. From 1992 to 1994, all the U.S. military attachés worldwide reported to him. During that period, he also briefed President George H. W. Bush at the White House, as he had during Operation Desert Storm.
He was also the head of intelligence analysis for the Middle East for seven or eight years at that institution. He was the head of all the Middle East and South Asia analysis in DIA for counter-terrorism for seven years. For his service in the DIA, Lang received the Presidential Rank Award of Distinguished Executive. — Wikipedia

Mark Hosenball — Firm behind Trump dossier declines to respond to House panel's subpoena

The U.S. political research firm that commissioned a dossier on Donald Trump while he was running for president said on Monday it would not comply with subpoenas issued by the U.S. House of Representatives Intelligence Committee.
Reuters
Firm behind Trump dossier declines to respond to House panel's subpoena
Mark Hosenball

Also
The three co-founders of Fusion GPS, the opposition research firm responsible for overseeing the creation of the infamous “Trump dossier”, will refuse to comply with a subpoena ordered by House Intelligence Committee Chairman Devin Nunes, according to a letter from their attorneys originally obtained by Business Insider.
But experts say the argument their lawyers are using to ask that they be excused relies on shaky legal grounds, and is unlikely to hold.Zero Hedge
Firm Behind "Trump Dossier" Refuses To Comply With Congressional Subpoena
Tyler Durden

Business Insider
The founders of the firm behind the Trump-Russia dossier say they'll refuse to testify before the House Intelligence Committee
Natasha Bertrand

Good luck, guys. You are now in the crosshairs.

David P. Hamilton — Understanding the ‘Fake News’ Hysteria


It's about controlling the narrative.
For the most part, “fake news” is a fake concept designed by the corporate news media to discredit those who challenge the official U.S. hegemonic narrative. The typical MSM fake news accusation starts with some egregious fictionalization and then morphs over to the real targets: the subversives, those who would dispute foundational elements of the official history or its recent approved updates.

The New York Times building in Manhattan. (Photo credit: Robert Parry)
These subversive elements are likely to question important myths, such as the necessity of the nuclear incineration of Hiroshima or – before the Iraq War – Saddam Hussein possessing WMD, and hence must be silenced.
There are people in this world who write what they know to be fiction and try to pass it off as fact. Many of them work for the CIA and related institutions. Then, there are satirists like The Onion who write fictionalized truth. These professional prevaricators are not what draws the ire of the corporate “news.”...
Are the New York Times, Washington Post, CNN, et al, lying knowingly? Not exactly. The news media doesn’t have to invent the lies, only repeat them. They are mainly the stenographers of governmental agencies that provide the raw material to be quoted, invariably substantiating the validity of the official position. The owners of those news outlets likely believe that narrative, but mainly they want you to believe it.
The pundits and talking heads of those news media, the on-camera personalities, must think within the parameters the official narrative or they wouldn’t have been hired to the position of highly paid spokesperson for it....
How objective can you be about issues of income inequality when you’ve been the top .0001% for six or seven generations? And if one dare to go off the reservation, the next thing you know you’ll be working for RT for a lot less money like Ed Schultz.
Consortium News
Understanding the ‘Fake News’ Hysteria
David P. Hamilton

Asia Unhedged — War of words shakes China’s policy circles over response to possible Korean war

The CP analysis says details of the Zhu-Jia face off recently surfaced in the Singapore daily Lianhe Zaobao. The island nation’s largest Chinese-language newspaper said the pair represented two distinct schools of thought on the security implications for China stirred by the North Korea crisis.
“On one front, a conservative ‘leftist’ school sees the US and South Korea using Pyongyang’s nuclear program as a pretext to reduce China’s strategic space,” CP said in a summary of the Lianhe Zaobao piece.
“A more liberal ‘rightist’ school on the opposing front emphasizes the threat North Korea poses to China, urging closer cooperation with the international community. While neither school is unified, their views regarding the origins and consequences of North Korea’s nuclear program are starkly divided,” CP added....
The "leftist" view is based on understanding US foreign policy experts and military strategists concerning US hegemony.

The "rightist" view is about China assuming a leadership role in the international community based on "fitting into" the global order, with a view of influencing it as China grows in economic power.

In my estimation the leftists are probably being more practical here, in that the Western liberal order is used as a subterfuge for advancing Western positions, neoliberalism, neo-imperialism and neocolonialism being different facets of the same position that represents itself as being based on "Western values."

Asia Times
War of words shakes China’s policy circles over response to possible Korean war
Asia Unhedged

T.J. Coles — Out of Control: A Brief History of Neoliberal Deregulation in the USA


Backgrounder. Using government capture to favor special interests ("capital").

Truthout
Out of Control: A Brief History of Neoliberal Deregulation in the USA
T.J. Coles, Clairview Books | Book Excerpt

Matias Vernengo — Why Latin American Nations Fail

Book has finally been published. I just got my copies. And yes it is a critique of New Institutionalist views and the title a play with the Acemoglu and Robinson's book title. From the back cover.
"The question of development is a major topic in courses across the social sciences and history, particularly those focused on Latin America. Many scholars and instructors have tried to pinpoint, explain, and define the problem of underdevelopment in the region. With new ideas have come new strategies that by and large have failed to explain or reduce income disparity and relieve poverty in the region. Why Latin American Nations Fail brings together leading Latin Americanists from several disciplines to address the topic of how and why contemporary development strategies have failed to curb rampant poverty and underdevelopment throughout the region. Given the dramatic political turns in contemporary Latin America, this book offers a much-needed explanation and analysis of the factors that are key to making sense of development today."
You can get it here.
Naked Keynesianism
Why Latin American Nations Fail
Matias Vernengo | Associate Professor of Economics, Bucknell University

Joseph Thomas — US Meddling Across Southeast Asia


Philippines, Thailand, Cambodia, Burma.

NEO
US Meddling Across Southeast Asia
Joseph Thomas | chief editor of Thailand-based geopolitical journal, The New Atlas

Note: The New Atlas site is not accessible on Safari, Firefox, Brave or Tor browsers.

UPDATE: The New Atlas is now back. (10/17)


Some links


Hat tip Lambert Strether at Naked Capitalism.

Bruce Boghosian runs the numbers and shows that without redistribution of wealth, the rich get richer and everyone else gets poorer…
Using a mathematical model devised to mimic a simplified version of the free market, he and colleagues are finding that, without redistribution, wealth becomes increasingly more concentrated, and inequality grows until almost all assets are held by an extremely small percent of people.
“Our work refutes the idea that free markets, by virtually leaving people up to their own devices, will be fair,” he said. “Our model, which is able to explain the form of the actual wealth distribution with remarkable accuracy, also shows that free markets cannot be stable without redistribution mechanisms. The reality is precisely the opposite of what so-called ‘market fundamentalists’ would have us believe.”...
Inevitably, some people ask Boghosian about the political implications of his research, but he tries to stay focused on the math. Still, when pressed, he said intervention is necessary.
“If the natural mechanisms of a market economy are such that what seems fair isn’t, and leads to concentration of wealth in the absence of intervention,” he said, “if that’s true, then by the same ethical calculus that outlaws pyramid schemes and justifies consumer protection laws, we need to protect people from the natural inclinations of free-market economics.”
Worth reading in full.

Tufts Now
The Mathematics of Inequality 
Taylor McNeil

Being poor results in a downward spiral. Good reason to adopt a job guarantee that matches individuals to work.

The Atlantic
The Barriers Stopping Poor People From Moving to Better Jobs
Alana Semuels

This article focuses on the decline of research, which is important, but it is only one of the issues involving the push to "save money" in education.

The Atlantic
The Decline of the Midwest's Public Universities Threatens to Wreck Its Most Vibrant Economies
Jon Marcus



Shireen Hunter — The Real Causes of America’s Troubled Relations with Iran


Backgrounder. Short and insightful.

Diane Coyle — Economic observation

On Friday all the researchers in the new Economic Statistics Centre of Excellence(ESCoE) met at its home in the National Institute to catch up on the range of projects and it was terrific to hear about the progress and challenges across the entire span of the research programme.
One of the projects is concerned with measuring uncertainty in economic statistics and communicating that uncertainty. The discussion sent me back to Oskar Morgenstern’s 1950 On the Accuracy of Economic Observations (I have the 2nd, 1963, edition). It’s a brilliant book, too little remembered. Morgenstern is somewhat pessimistic about both how meaningful economic statistics can be and whether people will ever get their heads around the inherent uncertainty.
“The indisputable fact that our final gross national product or national income data cannot possibly be free of error raises the question whether the computation of growth rates has any value whatsoever,” he writes, after showing that even small errors in levels data imply big margins of error in growth rates.
This is a huge problem scientifically and one that is acute in economics since data are evidence that tested hypotheses generated as theorems from the axioms of a theory.

There are two foundational issues in economics. The first is data collection and processing in specific cases. The second is the worth of historical data.

Even using contemporary methods there is a lot of uncertainty and fuzziness. But when it comes to historical data and its use comparatively, questions arise whether this "data" has any actual value at all.

A big problem arises from the rationalistic bent of conventional economics that places great emphasis on formal modeling when formal consistency has no bearing on semantic truth. Scientific models have to be tethered to reality through definitions and then tested against evidence. This requires accurate data.

Output can be no more accurate than the precision and reliability of measurement. This requires replicability of empirical testing.

Big Data might held overcome this and in real time, but Big Data doesn't generate theory. Without theory there is no predictive capacity based on understanding in terms of causal explanation, which is considered to be a necessary condition in scientific explanation.

The Enlightened Economist
Economic observation
Diane Coyle | freelance economist and a former advisor to the UK Treasury. She is a member of the UK Competition Commission and is acting Chairman of the BBC Trust, the governing body of the British Broadcasting Corporation

David F. Ruccio — Tackle this!

The latest IMF Fiscal Monitor, “Tackling Inequality,” is out and it represents a direct challenge to the United States.
Occasional Links & Commentary
Tackle this!
David F. Ruccio | Professor of Economics, University of Notre Dame